Wednesday, April 17, 2024

Treat suspected Sepsis as an emergency

SUSPECTED sepsis in patients must be treated as an emergency in the same way as heart attacks are, England’s health watchdog says.

National Institute of Health and Care Excellence guidance urges medics to consider sepsis early on when treating any patients unwell with infections reports the BBC.

The problem, caused when the body’s immune system overreacts to infection, leads to 44,000 UK deaths a year.

But experts estimate between 5,000 and 13,000 could be avoided.

Sepsis can lead to severe organ failure, shock and death if not treated early enough.

But initial symptoms – such as a rapid breathing or feeling generally unwell – can be vague, making it difficult to set apart from other conditions.

In its first guidance on the issue, NICE acknowledges it is a complex medical problem.

But the health watchdog says GPs, paramedics and hospital staff must make "Could this be sepsis?" the first consideration for anyone unwell with an infection – in much the same way that medics consider the possibility of a heart attack for patients with chest pain.

Prof Mark Baker, from NICE, told the BBC: "The problem with those patients who died unnecessarily of sepsis is that staff did not think about it soon enough."

He added: "This is complicated medicine.

"It requires a depth of thought and experience and a way of examining patients which isn’t always there – particularly because of time pressures and partly because we have got used to implementing guidelines without thinking."

Meanwhile, Dr Maureen Baker, of the Royal College of General Practitioners, said: "The diagnosis of sepsis is a huge worry for GPs, as initial symptoms can be similar to common viral illnesses, so we welcome any guidance or support to help us identify it as early as possible."

The guidelines say patients with possible sepsis should be sent to hospital in an ambulance and treated urgently by senior staff.

Separately, NHS Improvement has launched an initiative to tackle children’s health.

‘Sad and frustrating’

It encourages parents to speak up if their child’s health is deteriorating and urges staff to work more closely with parents.

Dr Mike Durkin, NHS national director of patient safety, said: "Time and time again, and is some cases tragically too late, we see that some children could have received better care if healthcare providers worked with parents to understand and treat deterioration in health.

"There have been far too many cases covered in the media on the failure to treat sepsis that have highlighted the sad and frustrating instances of parents repeatedly flagging concerns about their children."


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